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Obesity Problem in Africa
Although statistics are scarce, the World Health Organisation estimates that 12.7% of African children will be overweight or obese by 2020, compared with 8.5% in 2010. Obesity is linked to increased risk of heart disease, type-2 diabetes, high blood pressure and other chronic conditions.
Despite its impact on health, obesity is not considered a health priority for communities affected, who are more concerned with infectious diseases such as HIV and Aids and tuberculosis, Musa’s research shows. Cultural factors play a role, too: in many societies, weight gain is viewed as a sign of affluence or happiness.
Obesity in Africa disproportionately affects women, and researchers have yet to fully understand why. Initial studies suggest it may have something to do with different levels of physical activity, or may be related to hormone levels.
Given that, an obesity epidemic is now unraveling in countries like Egypt, Ghana, South Africa and Nigeria, malnutrition and obesity also co-exist in the same households sometimes, with stunted children living alongside overweight adults, who themselves manifest multiple micronutrient deficiencies.
Fast Facts On Losing Weight
1. To lose weight, you must burn off more calories than you consume
2. Do not rely on weight-loss supplements.
3. Diets combined with exercise are much more effective.
4. Rates of obesity among women are three times those found in men.
5. In urban West Africa, obesity has more than doubled in the last 15 years.
6.A diet needs to contain the right ratios of carbohydrate, protein, vitamins and fat.
7.if you become underweight, there are also certain health risks.
8.Sleeping for 7 or 8 hours a day may help with weight loss.
9.Limit your TV watching to no more than 10 hours each week.
10.Do at least 200 minutes each week of moderate-intensity exercise.